The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) is the National Institutes of Health entity responsible for research on the prevention and treatment of alcohol use and abuse. This entry summarizes the development and mission of NIAAA and describes the Comprehensive Alcoholism Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Act of 1970.

According to its mission statement, NIAAA supports research related to the prevention and treatment of alcohol disorders, coordinates with other federal agencies, collaborates internationally, and disseminates research findings. NIAAA's federal fiscal year (FY) 2006 appropriation of approximately $440 million supported 953 research grants and 257 training grants; resources were also provided for contracts, clinical trials, and an intramural research program. Budgets for the National Institutes of Health are projected to be stable or slightly negative for ...

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