A bunion, also called hallux valgus, is an enlargement on the inside of the big toe joint, resulting in the big toe leaning toward the second toe. This deformity is a common and usually an inherited trait. The resultant malalignment of the big toe joint and the bony prominence result in a painful deformity that makes wearing shoes difficult, necessitating treatment. While bunions are not associated with narrow shoes or high heels, there is a higher incidence in females. Most bunions can be treated successfully with ...

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