Referred pain is a rather broad term used to describe a phenomenon where pain is perceived at a site adjacent to or even distant from the site of pathology. There is no universally accepted definition, and hence different authors in the medical literature have used the phrase to describe different clinical entities that may present to the sports medicine clinician.

One of the most well-known examples of referred pain is the pain of angina, which can be perceived not only in the chest but can radiate to the jaw, to the back, or down the arm. This type ...

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