Periodization is a system of training that is divided into specific periods of time each with a purpose. It is based on a scientific understanding of adaptation that requires gradually increasing repetitive stimuli with required rest to build toward peak performance. While there are various formats of periodization, the general plan includes phases of rest/transition, preparation, base, build, and taper to maximize performance.

Historical Background

In classical antiquity, the Greeks first used periodization training, with very simple plans of increasing training loads over time, in preparation for the Olympic Games.

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