• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Class Inequality: Achievement

Families whose members are more educated, earn higher incomes, or have higher social status (socioeconomic status) can provide their children with more educational resources and learning opportunities. These children can then capitalize on these additional resources and opportunities to learn more. Furthermore, students in higher socioeconomic status families often attend schools with more resources and live in countries with more resources, all of which support higher academic achievement. Last, students in these families can often obtain a larger share of school or country resources to aid their learning, even though this inequality can hurt the overall achievement of the school or the country.


Families differ with respect to their human capital (e.g., education), financial capital (wealth), social capital (social network resources), and cultural capital (knowledge of ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles