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School Choice

School choice broadly defines a variety of programs and policies that provide parents or guardians of students at the primary and secondary levels with the option to select the school their children will attend rather than have them attend a (typically geographically proximate) default school. It encompasses a spectrum of policies and practices from public school open enrollment to private school vouchers. The genesis of school choice in the United States can be traced to Milton Friedman, who introduced the idea of school vouchers to improve educational outcomes in 1955. Recent debate over the merits of school choice has centered on the expansion of voucher systems and the proliferation of charter schools. School choice programs have developed outside of the United States, particularly in countries ...

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