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Grade Inflation

Grade inflation happens when higher grades are assigned for work that would have received lower grades earlier, and is usually attributed to lax academic standards and low instruction quality. It can also lead to credential inflation, and makes it difficult to identify truly excellent students. Grade inflation is also not uniform across schools and disciplines. National and international standardized tests are often considered as counterbalancing forces, equalizers, and warning signals of grade inflation.

For instance, in the United States in the 1980s, while A Nation at Risk (1983) reported an overall mediocre or poor performance and falling achievement on standardized national and international tests of American students, grade point averages (GPAs) received both at secondary and postsecondary levels started to increase dramatically. This discrepancy is often ...

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