The 1945 Georgia State Constitution established the current organizational structure of pre-K-12 public schools, which includes 186 school districts, mostly county-based, and 27 municipal or “independent” school districts, the majority of which are city-based. The Georgia Department of Education (GADOE) is in charge of these districts, and was created in 1870 to oversee all aspects of pre-K-12 public education in the state. Its purpose is to ensure that education-related laws are obeyed and that state and federal education funds are properly allocated. Oversight of the GADOE is determined by Georgia state law, specifically, the Official Code of Georgia (O.C.G.A.) Section 160. The head of the GADOE, the state superintendent of schools, reports directly to the governor. The superintendent also serves as the chief executive officer ...

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