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Ethiopia

  • By: Edward Geoffrey & Jedediah Stevenson
  • In: Sociology of Education: An A-to-Z Guide
  • Edited by: James Ainsworth
  • Subject:Sociology of Education (general), Sociology of Education, Education Policy

Ethiopia, located in the Horn of Africa, occupies approximately 0.7 million square miles (1.1 million square kilometers) of extremely varied terrain. The United Nations (UN) estimated the population in 2010 at 83 million. The economy is dominated by agriculture, and coffee is the most important cash crop. In 2008, more than one-third of government financing was provided by foreign aid, principally from the United States and Europe. Ethiopia experienced economic growth averaging 5.6 percent per year between 1990 and 2010, and paid a public debt of 13 percent of gross national income in 2010. Unlike other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Ethiopia was colonized only briefly; however, a history of oppression of the peoples of southern Ethiopia by historically dominant highland groups of northern Ethiopia has ...

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