Contemporary educational climates and cultures are characterized by standardization practices. The need or requirement to ensure that different elements of curriculum are standardized—are measured against uniformly agreed upon benchmarks or performance indicators—occupies the position of a dominant discourse, according to J. Gee.

Within political cultures, there is a broad consensus that the overall goal of the standardization of curriculum is the correct one. There are three issues used to explore the issue of curriculum standardization in depth: how curriculum is defined, the justification for standardization, and how standardization is performed within educational institutions and workplaces.

Defining Curriculum

The term curriculum refers to a course or program of study (e.g., the sociology curriculum or the chemistry curriculum), or to a broader area of educational provision (e.g., the vocational curriculum, ...

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