German Idealism

In the history of modern philosophy, the period known as German Idealism refers primarily to the thinking of Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1849), Friedrich Wilhelm Schelling (1775–1854), and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831). These authors raised the question of the universality of logos, using reason comprehensively to understand reality. The intention was to overcome the gap between subject and object, mind and matter, freedom and nature. This was an attempt to establish a basic unity of fundamental philosophy and diagnosis of the time, the synthesis of which creates the idea of freedom.


Immanuel Kant's philosophy, which is generally considered to be part of German Idealism only with some reservation, had, with the publication of the Critique of Pure Reason in1781, started the movement. The French Revolution, ...

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