From the beginning of online education, experts have recognized the importance of student participation in achieving a successful outcome in online education. Studies have looked at ways to increase participation, to make participation more effective, and to see how participation affects both student success and student satisfaction with a course. This entry looks at various forms of student participation in online classes and their effect on learning and retention.

Definitions of Participation

Students participate in different ways in different courses. The lowest level of participation is that of a lurker, someone who logs in to the course and reads what others have written but who does not post. The next level is someone who writes something, either discussion posts or other assignment that may be read and ...

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