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Diagnosis and Labeling

  • By: Terry A. Stinnett
  • In: Encyclopedia of School Psychology
  • Edited by: Steven W. Lee
  • Subject:School/Educational Psychology (general), School Psychology, Educational Psychology

A label is simply a word or phrase used to describe or classify a person or group. Classification of individuals into categories by psychologists and psychiatrists is a form of labeling referred to as diagnosis. Psychologists and psychiatrists have a long tradition of labeling people into diagnostic categories as a means to classify and organize psychopathology and to communicate efficiently with other mental health professionals. Diagnosis may be an efficient way to initially provide general information to different professionals who work with the same client. Many times diagnoses are needed to make clients eligible to access educational and mental health services. Diagnoses are also often required so that payment can be received for services that are rendered to clients. Even though all diagnostic systems have ...

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