- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism brings together extensive coverage of aspects of Institutional Theory and an array of top academic contributors. Now in its Second Edition, the book has been thoroughly revised and reorganized, with all chapters updated to maintain a mix of theory, how to conduct institutional organizational analysis, and contemporary empirical work. New chapters on Translation, Networks and Institutional Pluralism are included to reflect new directions in the field. The Second Edition has also been reorganized into six parts: Part One: Beginnings (Foundations) Part Two: Organizations and their Contexts Part Three: Institutional Processes Part Four: Conversations Part Five: Consequences Part Six: Reflections
Chapter 3: Isomorphism, Diffusion and Decoupling: Concept Evolution and Theoretical Challenges1
Isomorphism, Diffusion and Decoupling: Concept Evolution and Theoretical Challenges1
A longstanding question in organization research is what makes organizations more or less similar to each other. Early organization theorists pointed out that organizations that share the same environment tend to take on similar forms as efficiency-seeking organizations sought the optimal ‘fit’ with their environment. Institutional theories of organization have added two related claims to this literature. First, organizations adapt not only to technical pressures but also to what they believe society expects of them, which leads to institutional isomorphism. Organizations need a societal mandate, or legitimacy, to operate and this is gained by conforming to societal expectations. Second, when adaptations to institutional pressures contradict ...