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The SAGE Handbook of Organizational Institutionalism brings together extensive coverage of aspects of Institutional Theory and an array of top academic contributors. Now in its Second Edition, the book has been thoroughly revised and reorganized, with all chapters updated to maintain a mix of theory, how to conduct institutional organizational analysis, and contemporary empirical work. New chapters on Translation, Networks and Institutional Pluralism are included to reflect new directions in the field. The Second Edition has also been reorganized into six parts: Part One: Beginnings (Foundations) Part Two: Organizations and their Contexts Part Three: Institutional Processes Part Four: Conversations Part Five: Consequences Part Six: Reflections

Language, Cognition and Institutions: Studying Institutionalization Using Linguistic Methods
Language, Cognition and Institutions: Studying Institutionalization Using Linguistic Methods
Nelson PhillipsNamrata Malhotra

Institutionalization occurs whenever there is a reciprocal typification of habitualized actions by types of actors. Put differently, any such typification is an institution. (Berger & Luckmann, 1967)

Early work in institutional theory1 focused explicitly on the socially constructed nature of institutions, arguing that they arise out of the meaningful interactions of actors and shape behavior by conditioning cognition. Meyer and Rowan (1977: 341), for example, argued that ‘[i]nstitutionalization involves the processes by which social processes, obligations, or actualities, come to take on a rulelike status in social thought and action'. According to this definition, institutions are cognitive structures and institutionalization is the process whereby institutions are ...

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