Educational practices have changed in the last few decades, and with the evolution of technology, the ways in which exchange of information and learning are delivered and processed are ever changing. Yet, while the field of international comparative studies has grown, there has not been an extensive study on the relationship between educational practices, students, and how practitioners are prepared and trained. The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Studies in Education explores international educational practices and behaviours through new research and review of existing research. The editors have gathered the best empirical researchers in the world to investigate how frameworks for teaching and learning have developed and evolved, how they have been adapted, evaluated, and adopted or rejected. The Handbook has been structured to guide the reader in understanding the fundamental theories and research methods in comparative studies, and well as important ongoing, and direction for future discourses: Part One: The Status of Comparative Education Research Part Two: Measurement Methods in Comparative Education Research Part Three: Research Practices in Comparative Studies of Education Part Four: Lessons from International Comparisons of Student Behaviors Part Five: International Comparisons of Instruction Part Six: Influence of Large Scale Assessments on Policy This Handbook is intended for educational practitioners, as well as graduate and early career scholars of comparative education. Young scholars and practitioners will benefit from its wide range of perspectives, carefully assembled from an international body of authors.
Chapter 20: Outside-School-Time Activities and Shadow Education
Outside-School-Time Activities and Shadow Education