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Traditionally, the task of preparing and maintaining assessment items for any institution of learning has been tedious and laborious. This is particularly true for institutions with a large student population. When the concept of item banking was first introduced, it generally referred to a database that facilitates the storage of a large number of assessment items to enable easy selection and retrieval. Little emphasis was placed on the process of test automation and item quality control. With the rapid advancement of computer technology, the notion of item banking has evolved from a test item storage system to a more advanced test management system. Besides the capability to store a large quantity of assessment items and their associated information systematically, an item bank also serves ...

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