Tennessee Valley Authority

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) is a tax-exempt, corporate agency of the U.S. government, established by the U.S. Congress in May 1933 to improve economic conditions in a large region around the Tennessee River. The TVA operates from its headquarters complex in Knoxville, Tennessee, with a continued presence in its original headquarters city of Muscle Shoals, Alabama. The authority’s operating region of 80,000 square miles includes most of Tennessee, along with contiguous portions of Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, and Virginia (see Figure 1). More than 9 million people reside in the authority’s operating region.

Figure 1 Tennessee Valley Authority Region Map

Development and Operations

The development of the TVA was linked closely with the New Deal, the Democratic Party, and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Efforts ...

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