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Hedonism, Psychological

Psychological hedonism is the view that all human action is ultimately motivated by the desire for pleasure and the desire to avoid pain. The term hedonism derives from the Greek word for pleasure or enjoyment. Since advocates of the view typically assume that agents are motivated only by the prospect of their own pleasures and pains, it is often a form of psychological egoism. Psychological egoism is a broader concept, however, since behavior can be motivated by self-interest without being motivated by pleasures and pains. As an empirical and descriptive thesis about human behavior, psychological hedonism is logically distinct from views about the value of pleasure and from claims about what ought to be done, ethically speaking. It differs therefore from axiological hedonism, which is ...

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