This volume in The SAGE Reference Series on Disability explores issues involving rehabilitation interventions and therapies. It is one of eight volumes in the cross-disciplinary and issues-based series, which incorporates links from varied fields making up Disability Studies as volumes examine topics central to the lives of individuals with disabilities and their families. With a balance of history, theory, research, and application, specialists set out the findings and implications of research and practice for others whose current or future work involves the care and/or study of those with disabilities, as well as for the disabled themselves. The presentational style (concise and engaging) emphasizes accessibility. Taken individually, each volume sets out the fundamentals of the topic it addresses, accompanied by compiled data and statistics, recommended further readings, a guide to organizations and associations, and other annotated resources, thus providing the ideal introductory platform and gateway for further study. Taken together, the series represents both a survey of major disability issues and a guide to new directions and trends and contemporary resources in the field as a whole.

Chronology of Critical Events

Chronology of critical events

2000 BCE

There is minimal to no treatment for people who sustain disabilities in Ancient Egypt, as noted in the Edwin Smith Papyrus, which was discovered in Egypt and sold to Edwin Smith in 1862.


The first reports on using electricity in the treatment of paralysis are published by Christian Gottlieb Kratzenstein in Germany.


French missionary Father Amiot brings to the West written descriptions of exercises used therapeutically by Chinese Taoist priests called “Cong Fou.”


Occupational therapy (originating with French physician Phillipe Pinel as Moral Treatment and Occupation) is employed as “moral treatment” for mental illness. It employs leisure activities within functional capabilities and arts and crafts to promote relaxation and feelings of productivity.


Dr. Samuel Potter authors a book on speech ...

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