- Subject index
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.
Chapter 93: Human Factors
Human factors is an applied discipline of psychology that is concerned with the interactions between humans and machines. Alphonse Chapanis (1985), one of the founders of the discipline, said, “Human Factors discovers and applies information about human abilities, limitations and characteristics to the design of tools, machines, systems, tasks, jobs and environments for safe, comfortable and effective human use” (p. 2). Put more simply, human factors is concerned with the consideration of people in the design of products, services, and systems. Unlike the traditional disciplines of psychology that are typically focused on specific human behaviors and capabilities alone, human factors is primarily concerned with how these behaviors and capabilities limit human performance in the real world, either in task performance or in ...