• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.


Few would disagree that psychological problems, especially the more severe ones, have biological, psychological, and social (i.e., biopsychosocial) underpinnings. Even staunch behaviorists and psychoanalysts would agree that stressors interact with diatheses (i.e., genetic predispositions) to produce psychological difficulties. As such, it only makes sense then to address each of the contributors so that treatment for these difficulties is successful. Whereas other chapters in this section focus on psychological therapies (e.g., psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, family therapy, and therapy with children), this chapter focuses on the treatment of psychological disorders from a pharmacological perspective (i.e., pharmacotherapy). This focus is not meant to ascribe any more or less importance to the use of drugs or psychotherapeutic interventions in the treatment of difficulties. In contrast, it highlights the ...

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