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Steven R. Lawyer, Sherman M. Normandin & Verena M. Roberts

In: 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook

Chapter 87: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

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Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that has strong ties to the behavioral theories of John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner. However, it also incorporates general information-processing theories concerning the interactions of environment, cognition, and behavior to understand and to treat psychological problems. In this chapter, we will cover the basic theories and historical events that constitute CBT's foundation, outline various changes in the practice of CBT over the past several decades, and detail some of the primary methods that CBT practitioners use.

The First Wave: Early Behavior Theory and Therapy

No less than the founder of the school of Behaviorism, John Watson, helped to establish the therapeutic utility of applying behavior principles to clinical problems. In these early years, clinically ...

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