• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that has strong ties to the behavioral theories of John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner. However, it also incorporates general information-processing theories concerning the interactions of environment, cognition, and behavior to understand and to treat psychological problems. In this chapter, we will cover the basic theories and historical events that constitute CBT's foundation, outline various changes in the practice of CBT over the past several decades, and detail some of the primary methods that CBT practitioners use.

The First Wave: Early Behavior Theory and Therapy

No less than the founder of the school of Behaviorism, John Watson, helped to establish the therapeutic utility of applying behavior principles to clinical problems. In these early years, clinically ...

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