- Subject index
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.
Chapter 86: Psychotherapy
The practice of psychotherapy (or just “therapy”) is a combination of science and art, and a skillful clinician can help people make adaptive changes and healthier choices, minimizing distress and dysfunction. Clinical and counseling psychologists receive specialized instruction and supervision in various types of therapy as an integral part of their graduate training. Once they complete their training and obtain a license to practice, they are uniquely qualified to apply existing theoretical principles and therapeutic techniques, as well as develop new methods and approaches designed to help people sort out problems and overcome roadblocks in their daily lives. There is no one “correct” method of therapy, in part because people are so complex to begin with, but also because varying settings, circumstances, presenting problems, ...