- Subject index
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.
Chapter 74: Human Performance in Extreme Environments
Human Performance in Extreme Environments
For many of us, modern conveniences provide a comfortable and relatively stable environment in our homes and places of work. Heating and air conditioning, electrical lighting, and enclosed structures help to maintain temperature, illumination, and air quality within ranges that are near perfect and maximize our health and productivity. However, a small number of people choose to live and work under less than ideal conditions, pursuing occupations and recreational activities in complex, challenging, and often dangerous environments that push the human body to its limits. This chapter explores these environments and the unique physiological and behavioral adaptations necessary to preserve the well-being of those living and working on the edge. I define extreme environments (EEs) as ...