- Subject index
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.
Chapter 70: Stress and Stressors
Stress and Stressors
Stress is what we experience through a complex interplay between external forces in the environment (stressors) and our perceived ability to adapt to them. Although often viewed as harmful, stress is a normal adaptive response that helps us deal with life's difficulties and prepare for action. Not all stress is bad, and in many cases it is necessary to perform optimally. This chapter provides a general overview of how stress is defined, its effects on psychological and biological processes, ways to measure different types of stress, and how stress is affected by cultural experiences. This chapter is closely related to other chapters on coping (how people deal with stress) and health psychology because stress is one of many psychological factors ...