- Subject index
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.
Chapter 55: Adulthood and Aging: Perspectives on Adult Development
Adulthood and Aging: Perspectives on Adult Development
Until the beginning of the 20th century, the majority of a person's life took place during childhood and adolescence. Therefore, it is no surprise that the vast majority of thinking, philosophizing, and researching on human development centered on these two areas. With advancements in nutrition, medicine, and exercise physiology, life expectancy grew during the 20th century faster than at any other time in human history. In fact, the average human's life expectancy rose from 47 years in 1900 to 77 years in 2002.
Why the history lesson? Simple; the history of human life on this planet is important in understanding the study of human development. Even with the increase in life expectancy that ...