• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.

Thinking and Problem Solving
Thinking and problem solving

Thinking is a broad term applied to the representation of concepts and procedures and the manipulation of information; acts such as reasoning, decision making, and problem solving are part of thinking. This chapter focuses on problem solving as one of the most complex intellectual acts. Humans must solve many problems per day. For example, the relatively simple act of driving to school or work requires us to solve problems related to the operation of a vehicle and the determination of the best route to our destination.

Researchers have studied the nature of problem solving for many years. This chapter focuses on the major theories and research findings generated from the last 100 years of problem-solving research. This chapter summarizes ...

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