- Subject index
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.
Chapter 48: Repressed and Recovered Memory
Repressed and Recovered Memory
In 1885 the first person to experimentally investigate the properties of memory, German psychologist Herman Ebbinghaus (1885/1913), published information on the curve of forgetting, which showed the progression of forgetting with the passage of time. Essentially, this curve demonstrated that (up to a point) as more time elapses, more information is forgotten—at least in the case of rather innocuous material such as nonsense syllables. Ebbinghaus's observations are still valid, more than 120 years later. In 1932 British psychologist Sir Frederic C. Bartlett concluded that human memory is a reconstructive rather than a reproductive process. That is, our memories are never exact duplicates of the experiences they purport to capture but rather are rebuilt from bits and fragments with ...