- Subject index
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.
Chapter 43: Personality Psychology
Why does the pop star Madonna challenge religious convention in some of her songs and performances? What gave Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the strength of character to lead the civil rights movement despite such strong opposition and danger to his life? If we survey young people involved in high school leadership positions, can we predict who among them will be the next president of the United States? Questions like these are at the heart of the psychology of personality. Most people are implicit personality theorists (Anderson, Rosenfeld, & Cruikshank, 1994) because they consistently seek to explain why people do what they do. The theories explored in this chapter are more formal systems for trying to understand the remarkable diversity of human ...