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Alexandra Rutherford & John M. Davis

In: 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook

Chapter 4: Women and Minorities in Psychology

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Women and Minorities in Psychology
Women and minorities in psychology
Feminist scholarship has repeatedly demonstrated that how and what we come to know depends on who we are. — Morawski, 1990, p. 175

In July 1892 well-known Clark University psychologist G. Stanley Hall met with a small group of his peers and founded the American Psychological Association (APA). At their first official meeting the following December, 31 additional members were voted in; all were white, and all were male (see Fernberger, 1932). However, as psychology grew throughout the first half of the 20th century, the proportion of women in the field increased. In 1946, psychologist Alice Bryan and her colleague Edwin Boring conducted a survey of American psychology and found that of the 2,672 doctoral-level psychologists who ...

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