- Subject index
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.
Chapter 36: Operant Conditioning
If there is a single topic within psychology with which you are familiar, it is surely learning. After all, you have spent much of your life doing just that. As a child, you learned how to walk, how to talk, and how to get along (or not get along) with others. In school, you learned English, algebra, biology, geometry, and world history, among other things. And as an adult, you have continued to learn new things about yourself, your interests, and the world. With all that experience as a learner, you might think that you know everything there is to know about learning. But can you define what learning is? Can you describe how you have learned all the things that you ...