- Subject index
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.
Chapter 34: Recent Trends in Classical Conditioning
Recent Trends in Classical Conditioning
When most people hear the words “Pavlovian conditioning” or “Pavlov” they conjure a mental image of a dog salivating to the sound of a bell that has been previously paired with food. Although such an awareness of this basic learning process is surprising widespread, it is equally noteworthy that most people's understanding of conditioning is restricted to this particular example. Pavlovian conditioning leads to a rich form of learning that allows animals to anticipate, and consequently prepare for, important events in their environment. Over the past few decades, our knowledge of the nature and mechanisms of Pavlovian conditioning has evolved dramatically from the layperson's understanding of the conditioning process to that of a rich form of ...