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Martha Escobar

In: 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook

Chapter 33: Classical Conditioning

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Classical Conditioning
Classical conditioning

If you touch a doorknob and receive an electric shock, you will likely hesitate to touch the doorknob again. If you eat an exotic food and later feel sick to your stomach, you will likely avoid consuming that food in the future. You use your previous experience with the world to determine your future behavior. This capacity is partially due to the process of classical conditioning.

The Discovery of Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning was first extensively studied by Ivan Pavlov (1927) in the early 20th century. Pavlov was a Russian physiologist interested in the processes of digestion, specifically the production of saliva and gastric juices that result from tasting food. His subjects (dogs) were restrained and meat powder was placed on their tongue; the ...

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