• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.


Measurement is an important catalyst for the advancement of science. As measurement techniques are developed, so is the ability of scientists to ask and answer important questions. Nowhere is this observation clearer than in the development of psychophysics. Psychophysics comprises a set of methods that allow for the precise determination of how a person's internal experience relates to external stimuli. The term psychophysics can be broken into two parts: psycho-, taken from psychology, refers to a person's internal experience, and physics refers to the features of the natural world to which the person is being exposed—that is, the stimulus. The combined word is thus defined as the measurement of how a person's experience is related to changes in the physical world. Psychophysics is not ...

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