- Subject index
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.
Chapter 18: Behavioral Pharmacology
Behavioral pharmacology is an area of scientific study that bridges the fields of psychology and pharmacology, with subject matter covering any aspect of the interaction between drugs and behavior. Most often, behavioral pharmacologists study the influence of drugs on the entire behaving organism rather than focusing on the brain or periphery. The goal of behavioral pharmacology is to identify behavioral mechanisms involved in drug action (Branch, 2006).
Born out of learning theory, the field of behavioral pharmacology emerged from studies in two interesting, but quite diverse, research areas: (a) laboratory studies that showed that animals can seek out and administer certain drugs (called self-administration), and (b) the discovery and application of chlorpromazine as a psychoactive substance that effectively treats symptoms of schizophrenia. Scientists ...