- Subject index
Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.
Chapter 101: Multiple Axes of Human Diversity
Multiple Axes of Human Diversity
In psychology, typically we have regarded and examined diversity issues through positivistic methods more than holistic and integrative ones. Since the 1960s, when examining cross-cultural demography (e.g., demographics other than the traditional European, male, heterosexual majority culture) came into the fore in mainstream psychology, the discipline has fragmented into independent parts the understanding and study of various issues of diversity (e.g., sexual orientation, sex/gender, race/ethnicity, aging, disability). We have made comparatively less effort to merge these parts into a coherent whole and examine them within a more complex framework.
This fragmenting of diversity issues within the discipline is reflected in several ways—for example, because of the rise of special interests, over time the American Psychological Association (APA) ...