• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Via 100 entries, 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of psychology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume reference resource, available both in print and online, provides an authoritative source to serve students’ research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but without the jargon, detail, or density found in a typical journal article or a research handbook chapter. Students will find chapters contained within these volumes useful as aids toward starting research for papers, presentations, or a senior thesis, assisting in deciding on areas for elective coursework or directions for graduate studies, or orienting themselves toward potential career directions in psychology.

Single-Subject Designs
Single-subject designs

Since the emergence of psychology as an independent discipline in the late 1800s, research methods have played an ever-important role in the evolution of psychology. Early on, the adoption of research methods from the more established field of physiology helped distinguish psychology as its own separate discipline, distinct from philosophy and ultimately interested in gaining a reputation as a field that took its science seriously (Goodwin, 2005). In fact, if one were to travel back in time to the days of the earliest psychologists, one would notice that the field of psychology was a purely research-oriented discipline, a discipline whose primary goal was to elucidate the workings of the human mind.

Much has changed since those early days of psychology. Although many psychological ...

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