IN 1492, TWO EVENTS took place that shaped modern history in Spain. In January 1492, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella captured Grenada, the last Moorish (Muslim) city in Spain. In October 1492, Christopher Columbus, sailing for Ferdinand and Isabella, discovered the New World and claimed it for Spain. By freeing Spain from Islamic dominion, Ferdinand and Isabella liberated Western Europe from the last danger of Muslim conquest, a landmark that would not take place in Eastern Europe until the Austrian conquests of the 17th century. By supporting Columbus in his first voyage of discovery, they (mostly Isabella) opened the New World to Western trade and enterprise. Thus, the story of the right in Spain was the story of growing imperialism and colonialism.

Francisco Pizarro conquered ...

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