JUSTICE IS THE SET of principles that regulates the process of distribution of goods, rights and duties, benefits and burdens, opportunities, and property in society. It is necessary to distribute scarce goods like wealth, praise, power, and love because there is greater demand for than supply of them. Scarcity leads to debates about the just distribution, for example, of income or political power. What kinds of institutions or organizations should deal with distributions? And which rules should govern their activities?

Justice is divided into distributive, retributive, and corrective branches. Theories of distributive justice stipulate who should get what and how. They also explain, adduce reasons, for the distribution or process of distribution they advocate. Retributive justice, principles of punishment, and corrective justice, principles of compensation, are ...

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