ALVAH BESSIE, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Edward Dmytryk, Ring Lardner, Jr., John Howard Lawson, Albert Maltz, Sam Ornitz, Robert Adrian Scott, and Dalton Trumbo became known in the late 1940s and 1950s as the Hollywood Ten. They were all politically committed to the left, had been members of the Communist Party for various periods, and were involved with the movie industry either as successful and highly paid directors or screenwriters. In the previous decades, their films, such as Hotel Berlin (1945), The Master Race (1941), Crossfire (1947), Sahara (1943), Pride of the Marines (1945), Destination Tokyo (1944), and Thirty Seconds over Tokyo (1944), had contributed to fight fascism. With their resilient behavior, they came to symbolize left-wing resistance to the McCarthyist paranoia that engineered investigations ...

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