Roosevelt, Eleanor (1884–1962)
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States and internationally known advocate in her own right, was committed to civic, social, and political reform. During her lifetime, she spoke and wrote about an impressive array of topics including poverty, employment, voting, housing, education, child labor, workers' rights, public health, civil rights, and women's rights. Her extensive involvement in political life, which included press conferences, lectures, and campaigning, secured the respect and affection of audiences worldwide.
Eleanor Roosevelt at Gila River, Arizona, at the Japanese American Internment Center, April 23, 1943. For more than 30 years, Eleanor Roosevelt was the most powerful woman in America. Historian Geoffrey Ward once described her as "one of the best politicians of the twentieth century."