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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

The historical foundations of behavioral therapy (BT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) date back thousands of years to ancient philosophers who advocated the use of consequences to change behavior and the role of perception in mood. The modern history of CBT began with early learning theorists such as John B. Watson, the founder of behaviorism, who recommended focusing only on observable behaviors that can be reliably measured. Ivan Pavlov and B. F. Skinner laid the groundwork for classical and operant learning theories, which provide a framework for understanding the development and maintenance of emotions and behavior.

The 1950s marked the beginning of the modern era of contemporary CBT with the advent of behavioral treatments for the problematic anxiety reactions (e.g., systematic desensitization by Joseph Wolpe) seen ...

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