This entry focuses on peoples with ancestral ties to the native inhabitants of North American lands that are now known as the United States of America, Canada, and Mexico. These peoples represent numerous distinct nations and cultures. They are referred to by many names, including Native Americans, Alaska Natives (including the Inuit or Eskimos, Aleuts, and Arctic Indians), American Indians, Indigenous Peoples, People of the Sovereign Nations and Tribes, People of Turtle Island, in Canada as First Nations people, and in Mexico as los indígenas. The terms Native Americans and American Indians and Alaska Natives will be used to refer to the multitude of native groups. Although this entry is written with the utmost respect for those who are descendants of the first peoples ...

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