In 1945, sociologist Louis Wirth defined a minority group as a group of people who collectively receive unequal, differential treatment by others in society. Generally, a minority group is one in which members have less power and hold a subordinate or devalued status in society; as a result, they are oppressed, discriminated against, and have fewer opportunities to fight these experiences. Minority status is commonly used to describe racial and ethnic groups (e.g., African Americans and Latinos); however, minority status may describe any socially oppressed group, such as women, homosexuals, religious minorities, and the poor.

In the United States, the designations of majority and minority group status correspond to population. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, Caucasian Americans, who are considered the majority group, compose 69.3% ...

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