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Displacement

  • By: Rina Cohen
  • In: Encyclopedia of Motherhood
  • Edited by: Andrea O'Reilly
  • Subject:Sociology of Gender, Parenting, Maternal Health

The term displacement refers to a situation in which individuals are uprooted from their homes involuntarily and moved either to another country or to a different location within their own country. Persons displaced globally across international borders are defined as refugees and asylum seekers. People who have been obliged by forces beyond their power to give up their usual home, and seek refuge elsewhere within their own country, are defined as internally displaced persons (IDPs).

Reasons for Displacement

The major causes of external and internal displacement are natural disasters, ethnic and civil conflicts, major development projects, human rights violations, and political persecution. Around the world, there are approximately 33 million displaced people (12 million refugees and 21 million IDPs). The international community is under legal obligations via ...

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