Cognitive psychology is the study of the thinking mind. It emerged as a field of psychology in the 1980s and includes perception, attention, memory, decision making, problem solving, reasoning, and language among its areas of study. Using theory and empirical study, cognitive psychology aims to understand the cognitive processes used and what influences their use. In medical decision making, for decisions relevant to individuals, systems, and society, understanding the cognitive processes that people typically use, and why, would help (a) developers of decision support interventions target the interventions most effectively and (b) identify outcomes appropriate for judging the effectiveness of particular decision-making strategies.

Decision making in cognitive psychology focuses on how people make choices. The field is distinct from problem solving, which is characterized by situations ...

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