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Jhering, Rudolf Von (1818–1892)

Rudolf von Jhering was one of the most renowned German Pandectists in German-speaking lands, teaching at several German universities as well as in Basel and Vienna. His life spanned the nineteenth century, from the peaceful Biedermeier period to the industrialization of Germany, unified by Otto von Bismarck as the German empire in 1871. He believed that for a society undergoing such sweeping political and social changes, Roman law was insufficient; the usus modernus pandectarum could no longer remedy the revealed gaps in the law.

Such historical changes led Jhering to replace the systematic reconstruction of Roman law, typical of the Pandectists, with a realistic consideration of law. Therefore, the shift from the “early” to the “late” Jhering marked a paradigmatic change in German legal science. The ...

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