The authors of the 20 chapters in Juvenile Crime and Justice address various hotly debated topics along three loosely connected themes: prevention, prosecution, and corrections. Each author presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, out-of-home placement, and more. The chapters included cover the leading arguments pertaining to key topics in this field and point out where more research needs to be done–which, at present, includes many of the most controversial issues in juvenile justice policy.The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 8: Juvenile Detention Facilities
When youths are arrested, the police officer making the arrest must decide whether to process the child formally or informally. Some children may be released to their parents/guardians if it can be determined that the child's return to court will be ensured; however, other children may be placed in secure detention facilities, which are similar to adult jails in physical structure and regime; or alternative detention settings, such as home detention or weekend reporting, when such alternatives are available and deemed appropriate. Each jurisdiction uses legal criteria to determine which youths should be detained in secure settings. These typically include (1) if the child is a threat to public safety, (2) if the child has inadequate supervision from a parent ...