The authors of the 20 chapters in Juvenile Crime and Justice address various hotly debated topics along three loosely connected themes: prevention, prosecution, and corrections. Each author presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, out-of-home placement, and more. The chapters included cover the leading arguments pertaining to key topics in this field and point out where more research needs to be done–which, at present, includes many of the most controversial issues in juvenile justice policy.The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 7: Group Homes
Group homes were created as an alternative to incarceration in the late 1960s as a response to research suggesting that the least restrictive and most therapeutic responses to delinquent behavior would be more successful when trying to impact the future behavior of young offenders, especially those with low-level offenses or short offending histories. Over time, these group home settings have been used to house more seriously delinquent youths with longer histories of deviance, as well as youths who come from abuse and neglect situations. Rather than mitigate the negative effects of incarceration on future reoffense, current research suggests that the intended pro-social supports in group home settings might be diluted by the higher concentration of negative peer influences in the group home ...